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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  November 9, 2009 6:30pm-7:00pm EST

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>> bbc world news is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu; the newman's own foundation; the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation; and union bank; and by "pirate radio,"a new comedy from focus features.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small business to large corporations. what can we do for you? >> in 1966, the british government banned rock 'n' roll on the radio until one american deejay. >> and a band of renegades raided the airwaves from a boat. >> a nice young man has lost his virginity. >> we're going to shut them down. >> they can't fold us down. we're pirates. >> rock on! >> this fall comes a comedy ant the mottley crue that saved rock and roll. "pirate radio" rated r. >> and now bbc world news. >> celebrations in germany 20 years after the fall of the berlin wall. >> and giant dominoes symbolize the toppling of the world war leaders pay tribute to the bravery of the people of berlin. >> it was the beginning of the
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end of the cold war. we'll be asking how much the world has changed since then. >> welcome to bbc world news. broadcast to our viewers on bbc in america also around the globe. my name is mike emory. >> coming up laterrers an illegal raid undercover of darkness. why troops are trying to prevent fragments of the past from disappearing forever. >> and the giant del cassie that fetched a mouth-watering sum at auction. >> hello to you. it's been a day of celebration and remembrance in the once divided city of berlin at the heart of the once divided continent of europe. in its 28 years the berlin wall signified repression and fear. but on this night in 1989, the first crossing point opened and
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berliners surged through. effectively marking the end of a come uniist empire. workers have gathered in pouring rain at the brandenberg gate to mark remembrance. bbc world news reporter. >> a new generation celebrating freedom and the end of a world order they never knew. the berlin wall to these children just something from the history books or from the recollections of their parents and grandparents. behind them world leaders striding through the brandenberg gate, once the border between east and west berlin. politician -- politicians joining thousands remembering the brecking down of that tradition 20 years ago. >> among those addressing the crowd, russian president medvedev. >> heroes of the soviet union at
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that time were indecisive, all in the process of peaceful reunication of germany. and those events brought europe freedom and progress. they became the turning point for the fate of the entire world. >> gordon brown said because of the courage of those who tore down the wall, two berlins, two germ thinks and two europes were now one. >> this wall was torn down not by leaders, not by from on high, not by military might, this wall was torn down by the greatest force of all, the unbreakable spirit of the men and women of berlin! [cheers] >> it is indeed a honor and a great personal privilege to be here on behalf of president obama and the united states of america. >> and the u.s. was represented
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by secretary of state hillary clinton who after her own speech introduced a video message. >> let me introduce a message from president barack obama. >> today there are still those who live within the walls of tyranny, human beings who are denied the very human rights that we celebrate today. and that is why this day is for them as much as it is for us. it is for those who believe even in the face of cynicism and doubt and oppression, that walls can truly come down. >> the german chancellor angela merkel gave personal memories from 20 years ago. as a german she crossed the border in 1989. >> for me it was one of the most joyful days of my life. and ladies and gentlemen, it was a pivotal time of change. that's something that we know today, that brought closer
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together germany, europe, and indeed the whole world. [cheers] >> then alona stretch where the walls had once stood, a line of dominoes symbolized how that barrier had crumbled. former solidarity leader lech walesa set off the dominos showing how his movement helped provide the encouragement that led to the events in berlin and beyond. daniel bircher, bbc news. >> well, when it fell, families were reunited after 30 years. the course of history, it's no exaggeration to say, was changed within weeks of the communist government in europe fell. bbc's brian hanrahan was there then. he reports now. >> opening the wall was pure joy. after 28 years, the people of a divided city could unite and celebrate. but after a turbulent century, the fiesta put germany back on
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emotional roller coaster. what i noted that night was just the beginning of another bout of mental turmoil. >> the gates have been broken and thousands of people are pouring over to take a look, in some cases their first look, at the other side of berlin. the people i met that night thought they were setting off on a stroll to west berlin. but this couple were on a journey towards a new nationalism. >> we want to have the right to experience to go this way and we want to go back to our country. >> you don't want to stay in the west? >> no, never. >> when i went back for the 10th anniversary, the change from socialism to capitalism had brought her close to despair. >> i think i have no chance for a job. this is what i see for the future. >> back in 1989, 1990 and voting on what should happen, would you have wanted unication?
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-- uniivecation? >> no. >> today she still tears up at the memories of the old way of life. >> don't get me wrong, she says, we don't want the old state back. >> are you happy after this time? >> we yearned to be here in a new system, love for life here. and we have all we need. >> people started to hack away at the wall and the past within hours of the opening. one of the first bricks was brought to a leading opposition activist, lens reich in the bbc studio. >> and when a stone was thrown on the table, i was really surprised tosay the least. this is something that showed us that, well, history is progressing. >> for those who lived alongside
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the wall, it gave them a whole new world, ambitions, horizons, even failures they'd never dreamed of. for them this isn't history, this is a life they're still coming to terms with. brian hanrahan, bbc news, berlin. >> do stay with us. just a little later in the program we'll hear from the c.i.a.'s master of disguise about his experience during the cold war. well, the symbolic protest coincided with the anniversary in berlin, palestinians breached the barrier that separates israel and the west bank. they used a truck to pull down a six-meet erhigh sectio israeli soldiers responded with tear gas. -- israel gant barrier in 2000 after attacks by palestinian militants. palestinians saw it as a way for israel to seize their land. >> elsewhere in the world people have been celebrating, too. in south africa german nationals -- outside the german cultural institute in johannes burg.
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a parisian chocolatemaker tore down his own replica of the wall. many found themselves with free chocolate provided by the shop. chinese authorities have executed nine men convicted of murder and other offenses during july's riots in otumchi. around 200 people died in the clashes between ethnic wiggers and china's dominant than group. just a little earlier, bbc's china editor told me on this occasion the chinese authorities do seem to be paying some attention to international opinion about their actions. >> from the chinese authorities' point of view, they wantedo get the procedure appear right. and they didn't want the outside to accuse them of any sort of injustice in terms of the routine human rights.
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but human rights groups and those inside china says today there is something to be said about it, the whole process, the very short hearing, five hours, and some chinese people even say, hey, these people, they may have committed murder, whatever, but the way they were kind of man handled into the court and so on. so from that point of view, people are conscious that maybe something can be improved in that process. >> and of course there are other people who are not happy. this is i think china's worst ethnic violence decades. there seemed to be quite a few han chinese saying you still haven't got all the people responsible. >> that's right. that's why in this very brief news item published by china's -- news agencies they at the same time announced a further 20 suspects. those will be tried in the near future. but so far as the situation on the ground is concerned, i'm
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afraid it's still quite simmering there. only last week, the region declared that they are going to strike hard, that's the usually term they want to get it done quickly and they strike against the suspects the very heavy-handedly. but that's just a way to say the military, the paramilitary, the police and so on, will have to maintain their presence there. and the local people, the business people, they are suffering. because tourists cancelled their trips, normal trade across the border within the region or between the provinces have very much reduced. so it will take some time for the authorities to bring the northwestern region back to normal. >> bbc's china editor there. the sunni-iranian prosecutor
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has declared that three american citizens who entered the country from iraq are to be charged with spying. shane bother, sarah short and josh battle were arrested when they crossed over a mountn in july. their families say they strayed accidently while hiking. the white house says there is no evidence to support spy charges. the new lebanese prime minister has formed an unity government five months after general elections. the 13-member cabinet includes ministersrom -- 10 from the opposition including two hezbollah ministers and five nominated by the president. pirates have attacked an oil tanker almost 2,000-kilometers from the so maul lee coast. an u.n. naval force says rockets and grenades were fired at a hong kong-registered oil tanker. this was further from land than ever before. it may suggest the pirates are gaining in sophistication or it is more difficult to operate
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nearer the land. stay with us if you can. still to come on the anniversary of the fall of the berlin wall, the c.i.a.'s former master of disguise reflects on his battle of wits with the -- first, though, istanbul this week hosts a summit of islamic nations. turkey has long since straddled the east-west divide but can it hold onto europe while forming friendship the east doesn't support. >> the roll call of leaders arriving this week in istanbul says a lot about the direction that turkey is looking these days, mostly east towards its muslim neighbors. this economic summit of the islamic conference organization has been a low-key event for the past 25 years. but thi year it's being attended by heads of government and some of those are
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controversy mahmoud auction is here, one of tur -- mahmoud ahmadinejad is here. following a ground-breaking state visit to iraq last month by turkey's prime minister there are now ambitious plans to link their two economies. iran's nuclear ambitions seem to pose no barrier. missing at the summit, though, is saddam's president, he's under indictment by the international criminal court for war cmes in darfur. yet over the weekend the turkish prime minister said his invitation still stood, but he did not believe a fell muslim could be linked to such atrocities. earlier this year turkey was fated by president obama as a model muslim country and as one of america's most trusted partners. but it's now clear that on many global issues, turkey and the west no longer see eye to eye. the idea that turkey's european s would turn out to beitably
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an illusion. this country sees no need now to choose between east and west. and right now it's selecting its friends regardless of the feelings of its western allies. jonathan head, bbc news, istanbul. >> you're watching bbc world news. one main headline this hour. world leaders past an present today have joined thousands of germance making the 20th anniversary of the fall of the berlin wall. well, as the c.i.a.'s master of disguise during the cold war, tony mendez was caught in a battle of wits -- at the berlin wall museum in washington he reflected for us on a lifetime of espionage. >> he was obviously deadly serious but it was also great fun. we used to say if we weren't doing th we'd be robbing banks. but in fact what we were doing was robbing the enemy's bank of
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information and we had to do it so that he didn't know it was gone so that we could go back next week and get some more. we were just like in james bond. our office was the office of tech know service. the there were 900 to 1,000 people who were all a little crazy. and they were innovative, a little geeky, a little off the wall, but terribly effective in solving problems. so we put together teams. and woe had concealment devices because you needed these for all sorts of storage and transfer of information and so forth. typical good disguise for blending in would be somebody who is handicapped, somebody who is elderly, somebody who is not
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threatening, sort of part of the landscape. well, i think the mood was fundamentally trust no one. that's the feeling we had to work against. we had to find those that we could trust. we were offering something better, and we finally got that word through. and then we started recognizing people who wanted to help us. and our trick was to keep them alive, keep them in place, have timely and secure communications. hopefully these people might get assigned abroad or have a trip or something like that where you could -- then you could have them not come back. but in many cases, that was not possible. so we had to build a scenario that basically s a script for them to follow and hope that they could fit within the role
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and play the part. spy capital of the world was berlin. there were other spy capitals but it was the one most recognized. and the wall certainly put a cap on that. so you could stand and look at the wall and think about all those poor souls inside and what were you going to do about. that it was quite a big deal to have it come down and have it sort of happen magically as if someone wished it away. we didn't employ it up or break it down. the people inside did. that was great. >> tony mendez there in washington. now the reports have been emerging while on air that t man suspected of killing 13 people on a military base in texas last week tried to make contact with people connected to quaid. major nidal malik hassan was shot and wounded by police after the shooting at fort hood, the largest military installation in
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the united states. he is now conscious. he's been speaking to medical staff. let's get more details on this. bbc's correspondent richard watson is with me in the studio. richard what are you hearing? >> it's a very instant piece that's going to appear in the "new york times" tomorrow our time. and simply what it suggestion is that intelligence agencies in the united states were monitoring communications of some kind between nidal malik hassan and a radical cleric who used to be based near washington, d.c. but who fled the country in effect in about, well, after 9/11 attacks. now, if true this sheds some light on what's being said over the past 12ours, which is that some intelligence agencies in the united states were aware of some attempts by nidal malik hassan to contact quaid leaders. the cleric in question is anwar al lachy. he was centered near washington, d.c. it's significant for this reason. he's already admitted in the 9/11 commission inquiry to
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knowing one of the 9/11 hijackers. and the f.b.i. believes he knew another two hijackers. so that makes him a person of extreme interest. >> i know there's some talk of a possible u.k. connection as well. inevitably it all raises the issue of whether more perhaps could have been done to stop this before it happened. >> i think we're going to see that debate rolled out in the united states now exactly if these reports were known about sometime ago what steps were taken, what information was passed on to the f.b.i. and the army. in terms of the u.k. connection i was briefed tonight by security sources here in london. and they tell me that this cleric is of great interest to them as well in the u.k. because he's been broadcasting via the internet, preaching messages which they say would amount to condoning jihad. -- document from him here, 4 4-ways to support the jihad, so he says, it includes teaching your children to revere the jihad. it talks about arms struggle.
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it talks about the arms struggle for islam. so he's quite a radical cleric, a big supporter of jihad across the world and sort of uprising of the islamic revolution if you like. >> more to come on this, richard, thank you very much indeed. now iran's opposition movement has found an unlikely hero, a math student who publicly challenged the country's supreme leader. there has been an absolute outpouring of support for him. our bbc correspondent reports. >> it was just a routine meeting. the audience at a tehran university listened defend exly to the words of wisdom from the supreme leader, i yeah toe la co may knee. for the 20 years that he's ruled iran, challenging the leader in public has been an unthinkable taboo. then one student amazed everybody. the. >> mahmoud -- an award-winning
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mathtudent, launched an astonishing attack on the leader that lasted 20 minutes. why was it forbidden to question the leader, he asked. then he went on to raise allegations that opposition members detained following president mahmoud ahmadinejad's disputed re-elections had been abused in prison. what about the disputed coverage by iranian tv he questioned. then at one point he even called the leader an idiot. >> don't think i approve of everything that goes out on iranian tv either, replied the supreme leader. he insisted he did receive plenty of criticism that's certainly true none appears on state-controlled media. iranian-state leader suggested the leader encouraged the young student to come forward. according to other accounts, he appeared a little flustered and left the meeting early. a few days later, state tv broadcast a brief account of the exchange in order to deny
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reports that mahmoud ahmadinejad -- -- had been arrested. in demonstrations last week there were other unprecedented scenes when -- pulled down a bust of the leader and marched over it. another sign that the leader of authority has taken -- after supporting the election of mahmoud ahmadinejad. >> the first virus of iphone has been struggling in the wild in australia. the self-propagating program changes the phone's world paper to a picture of rick isly, i.t. specialists say it's generally not harmful but more malicious variants could follow. stealing valuable artifacts from historic sites using metal detectors, the conservation group calculates there are
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thousands of illegal raids like this every year undercover of darkness in the u.k. alone. they call for action to prevent vital fragments from. >> center stage at the british museum, items from the largest collection of anglo-saxon gold items ever discovered. surrounding cases, more priceless treasure all found by legitimate metal detecting around the u.k. others, though, are not so scrupulous. in dead of night on a protected historic site in sus sex a bbc documentary team -- sus ex a bbc documentary team watched the night hawks. well-organized, equipped with what they need to recover fragments of our history and preparing to sell them on to the highest bidder. for the night hawks, the math is simple. invest two or three hundred pounds in a metal detector, trespass on and steal from somebody else's land, and perhaps you could end up with an
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item like this found in a kent field and worth around 10,000 pounds. >> people go out and do it illegally and don't record their finds are hugely damaging. not just the financial aspects and the fact they're stealing off of landowners. we're all victims of this crime, because of the loss of knowledge. >> english heritage claim many police forces treat night hawking as a low priority. but here in kent, officers have teamed up with official metal detecting clubs to help identify those responsible. >> what we're hearing from the detectiving community, please do something about these people. the police cannot do this alone, and i think what we've deloped here in kent is a model that can be rolled out across the country. >> back in sussex, the docentary crew had a close encounter with two of those they believe to have been breaking the law. >> very nice metal detector. nice night for it. >> sure is. >> details of things dent have now been passed on to the police.
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>> take that out of my face because you're making me nervous. >> british -- have warned that only tougher sentences in the courts will deter the night hawks from their activities. robert hall, bbc news. finally a chinese truffle lover has snapped up 750 grams of his favoriteood, the 100,000 euros. the truffle was auctioned in northern italy. attracted rival bids from rome, from london and abudabi. truffles are prized for their taste and alleged aphrodisiac properties. this one is regarded so special it travels first class. thanks for being with us on bbc world news. >> bbc world news is presented
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by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu; the newman's own foundation; the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation; and union bank; and by "pirate radio,"a new comedy from focus features. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small business to large corporations. what can we do for you? >> in 1966, the british government banned rock 'n' roll on the radio until one american deejay. and a band of renegade raided the airwaves from a boat. >> let's rock! >> a nice young man has lost his virginity. >> we're going to shut them down. >> they can't close us down. we're pirates. >> rock on! >> each fall comes a comedy about the mottley crue. that saved rock and roll. "pirate radio" rated r. >> bbc world news was presented
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